concise, practical and research based advice on topics that concern every parent at one time or another.

new parents trying to develop a routine? this tip sheet provides immediate week 1 and onward advice on developing newborn sleeping habits.

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when you tell your child that you're having another baby depends on their age, the younger they are the longer you can wait. whenever you do it though, it's important that your child hears the news from you so you can help him understand that a new baby is coming...

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research consistently shows that the best way to promote positive behavior and to reduce misbehavior is by practicing positive discipline...

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there is no harm in having an imaginary friend. in fact, research shows that having an imaginary friend is linked to heightened creativity later in life, as well as strong verbal skills and a good understanding of social interactions. pretend play gives children an opportunity to explore the complexities of the world in a safe, imaginary environment...

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when toddlers use physical aggression (e.g., hitting, biting, hair pulling), they are actually trying to communicate. usually, they want something but lack the self-control and intellectual maturity to think of alternate ways of getting it...

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sometimes children express fears when they need to separate from you. these fears are often developmentally appropriate. other times, this anxiety may be cause for concern.

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tips for handling tantrums...

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a time-out is a form of punishment that is most useful for children two and older. time-outs do two important things. first, they stop the misbehavior immediately and remove your child from the activity. second, time-outs are a non-violent approach to discipline that put the responsibility on the child to be able to rejoin the group. time-outs should only be used in instances of aggression (either physical or verbal).

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most children become physically and emotionally ready between the ages of 22 months and 3 years (girls are usually ready earlier than boys). when your child is ready, she'll show you the following signs...

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how to prepare for and cope with a trip to the emergency room

be prepared for an emergency, before it happens. make sure you (and your caregiver) know where the closest emergency room is, its phone number and how to get there....

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